Our Research Results

Pharmaceutical study

What happens to the medicine in our urine? (2014-present)
In a joint research project with the University of Michigan, University at Buffalo, and the Hampton Roads Sanitation District, the Institute has been studying the presence and persistence of pharmaceuticals in urine-derived fertilizers, soils, groundwater, and crop tissues.

Read more

Fertilizer field trials

How well does urine work as a fertilizer? (2011-present)
Abe and Dean
With support from the USDA SARE program, the Institute has conducted four seasons of field trials using urine to fertilize hay.

Read more

Concentrated fertilizer production

How can we reduce the volume of urine for efficient transport? (2015-present)
An adult typically produces 150 gallons (570 liters) of urine each year. This urine contains most of the fertilizer needed to grow a year's worth of food, but its large volume makes it difficult to store and transport to farms where it can be used.

Read more

Urine Recycling

Best Septic
The Urine Nutrient Reclamation Program is the first community-scale urine recycling project in the United States.

Read more

Get Involved